When people are confronted with a potentially life-threatening disease such as cancer, they are likely to feel an urgent need for information about the disease and support from peers. Studies have shown that the mass media contain a lot of experiential information (i.e., peer stories) about cancer, either from real individuals or from fictional characters. To date, most studies have focused on using the Internet for peer support. This study aimed to extend this line of research by investigating (1) whether cancer-diagnosed individuals use both television and the Internet to access peer stories, (2) whether exposure to these stories results in different emotional outcomes, and (3) whether this differs depending on gender. A cross-sectional survey among 621 cancer-diagnosed individuals in Flanders (Belgium) showed that both television and the Internet were used as a source for following peer stories. Respondents indicated feeling fearful and concerned when following peer stories on entertainment television, but following peer stories on online forums was associated with feeling supported. These different emotional responses could be the result of the differences between these two content categories (i.e., fictional versus non-fictional peer stories). Future research should further examine these relationships by investigating the role of mass media content and how different psychological coping styles and personality traits moderate these associations.