Past work suggests that support for welfare in the US is heavily influenced by citizens’ racial attitudes. Indeed, the idea that many Americans think of welfare recipients as poor Blacks (and especially as poor Black women) has been a common explanation for Americans’ lukewarm support for redistribution. Here, we draw on a new online survey experiment conducted with national samples in the US, UK and Canada, designed to extend research on how racialized portrayals of policy beneficiaries affect attitudes toward redistribution. We designed a series of innovative survey vignettes that experimentally manipulate the ethno-racial background of beneficiaries for various redistributive programs. The findings provide, for the first time, cross- national, cross- domain, and cross-ethno-racial extensions of the American literature on the impact of racial cues on support for redistributive policy. Our results also demonstrate that race clearly matters for policy support, although its impact varies by context and by the racial group under consideration.