April 21, 2015 – Biomechanical evaluation of human and porcine auricular cartilage
The mechanical properties of normal auricular cartilage provide a benchmark against which to characterize changes in auricular structure/function due to genetic defects creating phenotypic abnormalities in collagen subtypes. Such properties also provide inputs/targets for auricular reconstruction scaffold design. Several studies report the biomechanical properties for septal, costal, and articular cartilage. However, analogous data for auricular cartilage are lacking. Therefore, our aim in this study was to characterize both whole-ear and auricular cartilage mechanics by mechanically testing specimens and fitting the results to nonlinear constitutive models.